Stout & Litchfield

Description

Stout & Litchfield was a joint venture between Roy Stout and Patrick Lichfield. The two of them connected in school at the Royal West of England Academy School of Architecture in Bristol where they studied from the year 1948 to the year 1953. When they graduated, they shifted to London to gain more experience in the field of architecture by working for larger and more established practices - Patrick Litchfield was employed under Richard Sheppard and Partners while Roy Stout was involved in various housing groups in the London County Council Architects department which is directed by Colin Lucas of the practice Connell Ward and Lucas. They founded their own practice in 1962. One of their first commissioned project included 2 new build residential projects in Shipton under Wychwood and Bishops Stortford. Both properties pride themselves on the pitched roof that is later recognised as a prominent feature of their work. The Shipton property was acknowledged as a Grade II listed development and was exhibited in the 1972 film 'A Clockwork Orange' which was interpreted as a series of open concept barn like structured with mono pitched roofs. It was the start of a design that challenged the stringent structure, decoding the scale and an understanding that design did not have to revolve around the principles created by Le Corbusier of right angles. Ray Stout and Patrick Litchfield, however, recognised that they had to have a comprehensive knowledge on functionalism in order to challenge its formal order. The practice developed a reputation for remodelling of town houses, especially in London. At the same instance that the Shipton under Wychwood commission was received, Stout and Litchfield purchased a four storey Thomas Cubitt house in Pimlico which was heavily remodelled and transformed into 2 maisonettes for their own usage. This property was eventually regarded as a demonstration for their future remodelling projects. Throughout the decades of 1960s and 1970s, the practice continues to evolve their prominent style in the new build residential schemes. They created a variety of recognised properties, many of which were constructed with mortar and white bricks with the featured pitched roofs, including a house in Somerton - which is a Grade II listing - and the Pyramids at South Harting - a distinguished residence in Highgate. Their work eventually consisted of more housing projects after they were contacted by the Greater London Council in the 1960s including conceptual designs for the Clapham Park Estate and Myatts Field in Lambeth. In the later portion of their careers, Stout and Litchfield took on a handful of commissions in the south west and the Isle of Dogs in London's Docklands.

Website: Twentieth Century Society